Asian State-Owned Tobacco Enterprises
Challenges & Opportunities in Implementing WHO FCTC Article 5.3
Tobacco industry (TI) interference has been identified to be the largest barrier and the greatest threat to the implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) worldwide. Article 5.3 of the treaty cautions Parties against TI interference and provides guidelines on measures to protect their public health policies. While Article 5.3 has overall been a challenge to implement, it is even more so for Parties that have State-owned tobacco monopolies or joint ventures with tobacco companies. This report documents the experiences of the People’s Republic of China, Viet Nam, Lao PDR and Thailand that have State-owned tobacco enterprises of varying sizes and operations, and how these have impacted FCTC implementation.
Review of Tobacco Leaf Import in Indonesia PDF 2.3mb
This report finds that the Indonesian Ministry of Trade Regulation No. 84/2017 on restrictions of tobacco import cannot be implemented because it runs contrary to other economic policies, trade agreements, and current practice that benefit the tobacco industry. Among other recommendations, there must be a policy coherence between the Regulation’s aim to reduce the problems facing tobacco farmers with the economic and trade policy and decisions, which benefits the business ventures in Indonesia.
Tobacco Industry Interference Undermined Tobacco Tax Policy in Indonesia PDF 1.3mb
The new report details how the tobacco industry used all possible avenues to interfere in the development of tobacco excise policy in Indonesia. The industry mobilized front groups, religious groups, academia, and research institutes, generating support to oppose tax increase and tiers simplification. Bahasa 1.3mb