This first Asian Tobacco Industry Interference Index provides an overview of how 14 countries are faring in implementing the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 5.3 guidelines. The Index is based on publicly available evidence to support choice of scores. Overall findings indicate that most countries are moving at a glacial pace in implementing Article 5.3. While some countries have made progress in reducing interference from the industry, others have remained stagnant or regressed. There still remains much room for improvement in Asia in the implementation of Article 5.3 guidelines. The Index aims to generate discussion and facilitate action to counter tobacco industry interference that undermines and delays tobacco control efforts at the country level.
The fourth edition of the Tobacco Control Atlas: ASEAN Region tracks the progresses on applying measures that reduce the demand for tobacco in accordance to World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) across the ten ASEAN countries since the first edition in 2013. It provides an up-to-date evidence presented an immediate and visual comparison between countries and tracking the rapid changes of tobacco control policies implementation in each country.
The atlas clearly highlights how the ASEAN community continues to be a target of the tobacco industry, primarily in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, and it appreciates the steady tobacco control progress made by ASEAN member states while also identifying areas for continuing work to meet international best practices in line with the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
The second edition of SEATCA’s FCTC Scorecard is designed as a tool that objectively quantifies and measures the national implementation of different provisions of the WHO FCTC across the 10 ASEAN countries. The FCTC provisions evaluated based on their assessed impact on tobacco consumption, importance for effective tobacco control and availability of international implementation guidelines adopted by the FCTC Conference of Parties (COP). It acknowledges achievements and progressive efforts of ASEAN governments while also identifying implementation gaps that need further action. It also encourages comparisons between countries to further motivate the strengthening of FCTC implementation.
This report presents an update overview of the problem, how child labour remains widespread in tobacco cultivation in the ASEAN region, where all countries, except Brunei and Singapore, grow tobacco. It discussed international instruments and legal frameworks govern State Parties to adopt laws and implement programmes to prohibit and eliminate child labour, how the international community and different businesses have dealt with child labour issues, and how the tobacco industry continues to perpetuate and profit from the problem. A case study on child labour in tobacco cultivation in Indonesia is included. The report also provides policy recommendations on what needs to be done and best practices to eradicate child labour in tobacco cultivation.