8 September 2023
By Sarah Marsh, The Guardian
Exclusive: Fourfold increase on 2022 sees enough vapes discarded to create 5,000 electric car batteries
Five million single-use vapes are being thrown away in the UK every week, a fourfold increase on 2022, research has found.
This amounts to eight vapes a second being discarded, with the lithium in the products enough to create 5,000 electric car batteries a year.
The not-for-profit organisation Material Focus, which conducted the research, said the problem was out of control.
The findings come after a series of calls for a ban, with councils and leading paediatricians among those demanding action on vapes because of health and environmental concerns.
Scott Butler, the executive director at Material Focus, said the “problem with single-use vapes has gotten further out of control” since the organisation published research last year. “Single-use vapes are a strong contender for being the most environmentally wasteful, damaging and dangerous consumer product ever made,” he said.
Discarded vapes create environmental waste and pose a threat to public safety, because their lithium batteries can become flammable when crushed.
The potential cost of collecting and recycling vapes, according to Material Focus, is £200m, which the charity says should be paid for by vape producers, importers and retailers.
Sales of disposable vapes have soared to more than 360m annually in recent years, with the number of young women vaping every day in the UK more than tripling in the past year, government figures show. Paediatricians have said vaping is “fast becoming an epidemic among children”, and called on the government to ban disposable vapes.
A YouGov survey found that 33% of 16-18 years olds who vaped threw their e-cigarettes in the bin.
Butler said: “Very few producers and retailers comply with environmental regulations and put recycling points and systems in place. This all means that too often local authorities are being burdened with the major operational and financial headaches associated with what is now the fastest growing and most dangerous waste stream in the UK, single-use vapes.”
Other countries have recently taken measures to limit their sale. In France, the prime minister, Élisabeth Borne, said on Sunday that the government would present a national plan to ban disposable e-cigarettes. Germany has banned flavoured e-cigarettes, while in Ireland a consultation is under wayon banning single-use vapes. Humza Yousaf, the Scottish first minister, on Tuesday announced that Scotland would hold a consultation on banning disposable vapes in 2024.
Material Focus surveyed 5,156 UK adults and 167 16- and 17-year-olds between June and August. They wanted to identify how many single-use vapes were being bought in the UK and how they were disposed of.
The research also explored the preferred recycling solutions for vapes. About 75% of vapers think producers and retailers should provide more information to say vapes can be recycled.
The number of battery-related waste fires continues to rise, some thought to have been caused by e-cigarettes in waste.
Butler said “visible vape recycling drop-off points” should be introduced, alongside “proper financing of genuine recycling solutions”. He said there needed to be “immediate, significant and transparent vape industry voluntary action” and called for the word “disposable” to be dropped from marketing of the products.
“Until single-use vape producers, importers and retailers act to genuinely comply with and finance their legal environmental responsibilities then the calls for banning the sale of them will only strengthen,” he added.
Only 17% of people say they recycle single-use vapes, with 73% thrown away and 1% flushed down the toilet.
Material Focus wants more information displayed on vapes on how they can be recycled, and additional recycling points for the products in stores, parks, public places and schools and colleges. More than half of survey respondents said they would be more likely to recycle single-use vapes if there were recycling points in store.
Material Focus has produced a briefing note for retailers and producers on how they can comply with environmental regulations for vapes. It has also created a postcode locator of 13,000 locations where vapes can be recycled.
A spokesperson for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said: “The government is very concerned about the environmental impacts of disposable vapes and will shortly publish a response to its call for evidence on vaping, which closed in June. All electrical waste should be properly disposed of and recycled to protect our environment – this includes disposable vape pens.
“Our environmental improvement plan sets out our plan to review rules for waste electricals this year. As part of this, we will consider what changes in legislation are needed to ensure the vaping sector foots the bill for the collection and treatment of their used products.”